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Le sommaire
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Introduction

I) 1945-1957: the beginnings
II) Britain and Europe
III) A growing Europe

Conclusion
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Résumé du document
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The first step of the unification of Europe was the US help after World War II. Indeed, in 1947, the USA, threatened by the spread of communism in Eastern Europe, decided to put in place the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall plan which had for goal to prevent the USSR's influence from spreading. The Americans thought that communism did well when people were poor and suffering and that it could be resisted by economic aid and prosperity. Sixteen countries in Western Europe accepted the help from the "European Recovery Program" and were forced to cooperate in order to manage the American loan ()

Extraits

[...] In 1945, Britain refused the European Defence Community. Indeed we have to remember that Britain is an island apart of continental Europe and protected by the sea. They refused also because of their links with the Commonwealth and their “very special relationships” with the USA. As a result, Macmillan, prime minister from 1957 to 1963, proposed the EFTA (European Free Trade Area) with no reduction of sovereignty. It’s the beginning of another vision of Europe, with only economic agreement; the Seven are the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Portugal, Austria and Switzerland. [...]


[...] Then, in 1919, he was elected deputy at the French assembly and during World War II, he took part of the French resistance. According to Schumann, it’s necessary to unify Europe in order to avoid another bloody war. He thought that the core of Europe should be France and Germany because of the three wars. So the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) were born the 18 April of1950. It’s an integration of war industries of 6 western European countries (France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux). [...]


[...] That’s why European leaders convinced to secure a lasting place, necessary to unify Europe. 1945-1957: the beginnings The first step of the unification of Europe was the US help after World War II. Indeed, in 1947, the USA, threatened by the spread of communism in Eastern Europe, decided to put in place the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall plan which had for goal to prevent the USSR’s influence from spreading. The Americans thought that communism did well when people were poor and suffering and that it could be resisted by economic aid and prosperity. [...]

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Informations sur le doc

Date de publication
23/06/2009
Langue
anglais
Format
Word
Type
cours
Nombre de pages
2 pages
Niveau
grand public

Informations sur l'auteur Laurent . (étudiant)

Niveau
Grand public
Etude suivie
droit des...
Ecole, université
LYON - La...
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