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English economic essay: what kind of integration is currently taking place between the EU and its « eastern neighbours » (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldavia)? Are these present arrangements an adequate substitute for EU accession?


[...] The ENP is a strategy of economic integration and political cooperation, without prospect of accession. In order to avoid a new division between the EU and its neighbours, Brussels proposed them to adopt a common approach to overcome four major challenges : - The democratic challenge: The progress in relation to each neighbour will depend on its commitment to the values common in areas where independent media, fair elections and respect for parties opposition have become difficult. - The economic challenge: to eliminate disparities in living standards that could grow in the East among new EU members and their neighbours. [...]

[...] The prospect of accession is not scheduled yet, although the EU is aware of the European aspirations of these countries. The EU should first deal with the ongoing enlargement and the promises it has made, while maintaining the momentum of European integration. Moreover, these countries still have much to do in terms of political and economic reform before taking over the responsibilities that come with membership. At this stage, the better for each country is to combine desires and reality, focusing on the implementation of reforms in cooperation with the EU. [...]

[...] But she receives financial assistance confined to support democratization. The Ukraine and Moldova are the key elements of the neighbourhood policy. It is clear that the EU attaches to these countries of comparable importance to that of Russia, and it does not recognize their status rather than a potential candidate for membership. Are present arrangements an adequate substitute for EU accession? Following the EU's eastwards enlargements, a new strategic area including the Ukraine, Moldova, and Belarus has emerged between the EU and Russia. [...]

[...] Mutual relations were initially established after that the European Union recognized Belarusian independence in 1991. After the rise to power of Alexander Lukashenka in 1994, the relationship between Minsk and the EU has been deteriorated and has remained cold and distanced. Belarus is the only among the states of Central and Eastern Europe who has not sought an integration into the European Union. In the development of the ENP in 2003, the European Union has proposed to Belarus to participate to this agreement, Belarus authorities have answered positively. [...]

[...] In order to answer to this question, we will see that EU has developed two kinds of agreements, one for Russia and another for the other Eastern neighbours: Ukraine, Belarus and Moldavia. Finally we will also wonder if these present arrangements are an adequate substitute for EU accession. THE RUSSIAN INTEGRATION Since the establishment of official relations between the European Community and the ex USSR, the Russian-European dialogue has been improved as a result of changes in both partners. Russia and the European Union describe their partnership as strategic. [...]

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