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In July 2001, the court rejected judge Jackson's breakup order which meant to divide Microsoft firm into two parts. But seven judges said that Microsoft didn't have right to put whatever features or schedules into its operating system, and at the same time, violated measures of the Sherman Antitrust Act by adding an internet browser into Windows. The question is to know when a firm can add new features to an operating system. The Court of Appeals answered that it depends on each case that it will see if it helps or hurts consumers. This incomplete rule made by the court doesn't resolve the issue. Moreover, Microsoft has to stop making its partners sign contracts with exclusivity rule, as the company did with AOL Time Warner. But we have to consider that Windows' monopoly has created a standard that helps the rest of the software industry, but at the same time, thwarts competition. Maybe the firm would apply new rules and measures if there were a risk that the court decides to reconsider a breakup


[...] Because most consumers want an operating system to have the latest features, Microsoft should have broad leeway to include new code. But Microsoft broke the law. So when it does add features, there should be a strict set of rules to ensure that rival software makers have a fair shot at success. At times, that could mean that new technologies won't be allowed in Windows. A Special Master, deputized by a federal judge, could be in charge of making tough calls about what code gets excluded from the operating system. [...]

[...] Computer makers should have control of at least half the buttons, plus the ability to replace e-mail and the browser. TRANSPARENCY. Microsoft can thwart competition with technology as well as contracts. One way is through Windows' applications program interfaces (APIs). These are the hooks an application uses to attach itself to Windows. Without knowing how APIs are configured, a competing software developer can't make products that run on Windows. What to do ? The short answer : force Microsoft to publish technical data on its APIs in a timely manner. [...]

[...] Moreover, some witnesses testified that the settlement already reached would allow the firm to exert an influence over an area of emerging technologies. Microsoft's answer is to say that a court shouldn't decide how to design computer systems. [...]

[...] This issue has become one of the most important technology-policy debates in decades. The answer will determine not only the company's fortunes but also will have an enormous impact on the rest of the technology industry - and ultimately on everyone who uses a computer. At its heart is the decades-old question of whether a monopoly in technology helps or hinders innovation. On one hand, the Windows monopoly has created a standard the rest of the industry has rallied around to create products that work well together. [...]

[...] But if you worry about the consequences of such an aggressive company owning a crucial piece of the information economy - yet think breakup is too harsh - it's the only option. And given that breakup is probably out of the question, it is the direction trustbusters are likely to take, either in negotiations or in court. "We think any settlement that doesn't involve fundamental change would be doomed to failure," says Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal. Some thoughts on how to make this cost-benefit calculation : SOME THINGS DON'T BELONG IN THE OPERATING SYSTEM. Judge Jackson, the man who heard the Microsoft trial, was wrong about many things. [...]

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12 pages
grand public

Informations sur l'auteur Jennifer B. (étudiant)

Grand public
Etude suivie
Ecole, université
IAE Rennes
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