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The Nation of Islam began in the context of Black Nationalism during the early twentieth century (1913-1929). Black Nationalism arose in the context of political, religious and cultural oppression of blacks by whites. African Americans were subjected to unequal distribution of rewards, political power, and opportunities, which systematically restricts their chances to succeed as a group. By organizing in a social movement, African Americans wanted to change the conditions of racial and class inequality. Thus all this events and influences led to the creation of the Nation of Islam. We can wonder what characterize this new controversial organization that still exists in the present day. Its infamous leaders are an essential component of the organization, since they established a religious and political doctrine, which is incompatible with traditional Islam and Christian teachings.


[...] Added to that, he was severed from the Nation of Islam because of his accusations of sexual misconduct between Elijah and female staff members. After he left the Nation of Islam, Malcolm began the Muslim Mosque in 1964. Less than one year later, on February Malcolm X was killed by assassins. Following these events, Elijah Muhammad left the movement to his son Wallace, who assumed leadership of the Nation upon Elijah' death in 1975 and later took the name Warith Deen Mohammed. [...]

[...] The basic beliefs affirmed by Elijah Muhammad have remained , namely the hate towards Christianity, the belief that the blacks and not the Jews are God's "chosen race," the denial of a literal resurrection and afterlife, the belief in the deity of Wallace Fard, the blaming of the white man for each and every evil that the black man experiences. And what is the most striking is their demand for complete separation in a state or territory of their own. We may also remember that these teachings are still promoted in the Nation of Islam's parochial schools and universities. These institutions are a mean for the Nation of Islam to teach the values and beliefs , as a result these elements form a cornerstone of the ideological system. [...]

[...] Today, the Nation of Islam, under the direction of Louis Farrakhan, continues to influence American society. There are several changes that have occurred throughout the years. Although the Nation of Islam, led by Farrakhan, denies it, many Americans feel that the Nation has taken an anti- Semitic viewpoint. The Civil Rights movement of the 1960s has died off over the years, and in the same way, the Nation of Islam has had less and less need to represent black America.Yet the Nation of Islam is still an awe- inspiring organization, since it has some common points with white extremists organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan and it still has a strong impact in the media through its events like the Million Family March in Haley, Alex. [...]

[...] Then Malcolm Little joined the Nation of Islam and changed his name to Malcolm X. He achieved fame in the early 1960s as the spokesperson for Elijah Muhammad. His fiery style and natural speaking ability made Malcolm X a popular public speaker, but his growing reputation caused tension with Elijah Muhammad and other Black Muslim leaders. While Muhammad tried to maintain the Nation of Islam as a religious self-help movement, Malcolm was increasingly moving towards a political response to racism. [...]

[...] Conclusion We can’t deny that the Nation of Islam is a controversial organization in the United States. Formed by Wallace Fard and Elijah Muhammad in the 1930s, in response to white racism, the Nation advocates separation from white society. The Nation of Islam served primarily as a means for poor urban blacks to attain a national identity, a sense of ethnic consciousness, and empowerment in a society that denied them these privileges. Black Nationalism continues to hold profound implications for our understanding of the appeal of Black Nationalism as an ideology and a political force. [...]

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10 pages
grand public

Informations sur l'auteur Kamel A. (étudiant)

Grand public
Etude suivie
droit des...
Ecole, université
Lille 3
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